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Back to the Future? Pre-World War II Europe and Corporatist Regionalism in Southeast Asia
Jürgen Rüland, 2010 Lee Kong Chian NUS-Stanford Distinguished Fellow,Stanford University
The European Union’s efforts to export its model of regional integration have often been contrasted with the persistently top-down character of the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations. Few, however, have examined the actual pattern of interest representation inside ASEAN and the extent to which it has been influenced by EU norms.
The findings are surprising: Neither has the EU actively promoted its essentially liberal-pluralist brand of interest representation in Southeast Asia, nor have ASEAN elites been inclined to adopt it, notwithstanding domestic pressures to make the Association more “people-centered.” ASEAN elites have instead equipped the organization with a top-down, state-centered political culture with corporatist and organicist features reminiscent of Europe before World War II.
Jürgen Rüland is a professor of political science at the University of Freiburg, whose Southeast Asia Program he chairs with support from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. He also heads the Advisory Council of the German Institute of Global and Area Studies (Hamburg). Together with Christl Kessler, he was awarded the William Holland Prize for the best article published in Pacific Affairs in 2006. His research interests include Southeast Asian regionalism, interactions between different regions, and processes of cultural appropriation. He will be at Stanford from September through December 2010.
Wednesday, September 29, 2010 | 12:00 pm — 1:30 pm